Zara is a Spanish clothing and
accessories retailer based in Arteixo, Galicia.
The company was founded in 1975 by Amancio Ortega
and Rosalía Mera. It is the main brand of the Inditex
group, the world's largest
apparel retailer. The fashion group also owns brands such as Massimo Dutti,
Pull and Bear,
Stradivarius, Oysho, Zara Home, and Uterqüe.
Zara as of 2017 manages up to 20 clothing collections a year.
Amancio Ortega opened the first Zara store in 1975 in downtown A Coruña, Galicia, Spain. Ortega initially named the store Zorba after the classic film Zorba the Greek, but after learning there was a bar with the same name two blocks away, they rearranged the letters molded for the sign to 'Zara.' It is believed the extra 'a' came from an additional set of letters that had been made for the company. The first store featured low-priced lookalike products of popular, higher-end clothing fashions. Ortega opened additional stores throughout Spain. During the 1980s, Ortega changed the design, manufacturing, and distribution process to reduce lead times and react to new trends in a quicker way, which he called "instant fashions". The improvements included the use of information technologies and using groups of designers instead of individuals.